Produced by the University of Massachusetts Medical School
Coronavirus is a name of a group of viruses that can cause animals and people to get sick. COVID-19 is the name of the disease that this new coronavirus causes.
These viruses are so tiny that they can only be seen from a microscope.
Corona means 'crown' in Latin; these viruses wear a crown of spikey proteins.
How can you catch the coronavirus? If someone is sick and they sneeze or cough, small drops full of virus particles fly out of their nose and mouth. These drops can land in your eyes, nose or mouth or on a surface that you touch, and then touch your face. The virus enters your nose or mouth and sticks to your airway.
The spikey proteins are very sticky. They attach to lung cells and hijack the cell's machinery, using its 'instructions' (called RNA) to make more of the virus to infect more cells.
How can you protect yourself? Socially distance from others Wear a mask if you can't stay at a distance Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow when you cough or sneeze Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds
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Helping children cope with stress during the 2019-nCoV outbreak
Children may respond to stress in different ways such as being more clingy, anxious, withdrawing, angry or agitated, bedwetting etc.
Respond to your child’s reactions in a supportive way, listen to their concerns and give them extra love and attention.
Children need adults’ love and attention during difficult times. Give them extra time and attention.
Remember to listen to your children, speak kindly and reasure them.
If possible, make opportunities for the child to play and relax.
Try and keep children close to their parents and family and avoid separating children and their caregivers to the extent possible. If separation occurs (e.g. hospitalization) ensure regular contact (e.g. via phone) and re-assurance.
Keep to regular routines and schedules as much as possible, or help create new ones in a new environment, including school/learning as well as time for safely playing and relaxing.
Provide facts about what has happened, explain what is going on now and give them clear information about how to reduce their risk of being infected by the disease in words that they can understand depending on their age.
This also includes providing information about what could happen in a re-assuring way (e.g. a family member and/or the child may start not feeling well and may have to go to the hospital for some time so doctors can help them feel better).
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