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Business: Citing Sources – APA Style

Based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010

APA 7th Edition

Citing Online Articles

Journal Article

Dimensions of import substitution of wool in Nepal. (2023, Jan 31). New Business Age, Retrieved from

Journal Article with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

Zhang, N., Zhang, N., Zhang, J., Wang, Q., Zhou, M., Wang, P., & Yu, Y. (2023). Eco-friendly and controlled anti-pilling finishing of wool fabric by thiourea dioxide-mediated surface micro-dissolution. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 35(1), 107-119. doi:

Newspaper Article

Unravelling yorkshire wool's links to X-rays, insulin and DNA. (2023, Feb 18). Financial Times Retrieved from

Citing Company and Industry Information

IBISWorld Industrial Survey

(Year, Month). Report Name. Report Number. Retrieved from IBISWorld database. 

Example: (July, 2022) Mattress Manufacturing in the US. 33791. Retrieved from IBISWorld database.

Statista chart

International Trade Administration. (February 1, 2022). U.S. textile and fabric products exported to Europe from 2005 to 2021 (in million U.S. dollars) [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved April 11, 2023, from

Company’s Annual Report from Company Website

Boeing. (2018). Boeing: 2018 annual report. Boeing.;

Examples of in-text citations are at this page from Concordia University.

Citing Industry Information

Encyclopedia of Products & Industries – Manufacturing from Gale Virtual Reference Library

Distilled Spirits. (2008). In P. J. Bungert & A. J. Darnay (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Products & Industries - Manufacturing (Vol. 1, pp. 373-383). Gale.
doc/CX2831100047/ GVRL?u=maine_orono&sid=bookmark-GVRL&xid=0de8bac2

IBISWorld Industry Research Reports

(2023, January). Pizza Restaurants in the US. OD4320 Retrieved from IBISWorld database.


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