The criteria outlined in the video above represents one approach to evaluating information. The CRAAP Test is another (Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose).
Our focus will be on another nifty acronym, SIFT, which is a method for assessing the variety of information we may encounter as we prepare our speeches. Here's what SIFT entails:
A note about bias:
Having a perspective does not in and of itself mean that the information someone is conveying is unreliable; rather, it suggests a point of view within a given reality. Understanding different points of view can be valuable to learning about your topic and conveying information in your speech.
However, if a particular perspective or bias distorts reality or facts, and you choose to share that information because it aligns with your perspective or argument, that becomes dangerous to your research and to the ethical use of information.
An example: We see a variety of perspectives in political news magazines. Different magazines might report on the same incident with a different tone or position, without distorting the reality of an event. For example, an article on gun legislation published in The New Republic (a liberal/progressive publication) or The National Review (a conservative publication) might offer differing points of view but similar reporting of the facts surrounding the legislation.
Not sure if the journal article you've found is peer-reviewed?
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