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Evidence or Knowledge Synthesis

Structure Your Synthesis Question

Well-structured questions lay the foundation for the rest of the synthesis. Question frameworks vary by discipline and include:

Selected Frameworks

For more information, consult "Table S1–Question formulation frameworks and their elements" in the supplementary data [PDF] of:

Booth, A., Noyes, J., Flemming, K., Moore, G., Tunçalp, Ö., & Shakibazadeh, E. (2019). Formulating questions to explore complex interventions within qualitative evidence synthesis. BMJ Global Health, 4(Suppl. 1), Article e001107.

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