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Evidence or Knowledge Synthesis

What Is a Systematic Review?

A systematic review attempts to collate all the empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria in order to answer a specific research question. It uses explicit, systematic methods that are selected with a view to minimizing bias, thus providing more reliable findings from which conclusions can be drawn and decisions made…Systematic review methodology…sets out a highly structured, transparent and reproducible methodology…the a priori specification of a research question; clarity on the scope of the review and which studies are eligible for inclusion; making every effort to find all relevant research and to ensure that issues of bias in included studies are accounted for; and analysing the included studies in order to draw conclusions based on all the identified research in an impartial and objective way.—Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions (Higgins et al., 2019)

Systematic Review Books & eBooks

Available from Fogler Library

5729 Fogler Library · University of Maine · Orono, ME 04469-5729 ; (207) 581-1673

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