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MEE 487: Capstone Design I

Why we Cite

To cite a source means to quote or assign credit to the originators of the material. Scientists cite sources because it:

  • Makes it possible for others using the information to easily find your sources on their own.
    • Citations allow the ability to cross-reference material in the body of the essay or paper to the works cited page.
    • Citations show who authored it, where it is found and when it was written or shared publicly.
  • Demonstrates the credibility of your arguments!
  • Gives credit to other authors and avoids plagiarism.
  • Allows you to stand on the shoulders of the great scientific scholars who have come before you!

Citation Parts

Citation Parts

 Author/s K. A. Nelson, R. J. Davis, D. R. Lutz, and W. Smith,
Title of Article / Chapter “Optical generation of tunable ultrasonic waves,”
Title of Journal / Book Journal of Applied Physics,
Volume and Number vol. 53, no. 2,
Date and Pages Feb., pp.1144-1149, 2002.
DOI or Stable URL (optional) doi: 10.1063/1.329864


Citation Examples

Article in Journal 

C. Ong, “Hysteresis in a simple V-shaped spring-mass system,” American Journal of Physics, vol. 89, no. 7, pp. 663–665, Jul. 2021,
doi: 10.1119/10.0003536.

Article in Daily, Weekly, or Biweekly Magazine

B. Metcalfe, “The numbers show how slowly the Internet runs today,” Infoworld, 30 Sep., p. 34, 2006.


L. Bass, P. Clements, and R. Kazman, Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. [E-book] Available: Safari e-book.

Government Publication

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA Pocket Statistics. Washington, DC: Office of Headquarters Operations, 2007. 


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