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BUA 220 : The Legal Environment of Business: Bibliography and Citations

Citing Legal References

 All sources that inform your research need to be cited.  For legal citations (to actual laws, cases, etc.) APA citation style follows The Bluebook, a legal citation manual.

For non-legal sources, use the APA citation format.

The following links provide examples of legal citation:

In-Text Citations

Legal citations follow the same rules as all APA in-text citations. Use the author, then the date:

       (Fullilove v. Klutznick, 1980)

       (Mental Health System Act, 1988)


Legal Citation How to Cite State Cases

Court Decisions

Format:      Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Court Date).

Example:    Lessard v. Schmidt, 349 F. Supp.1078 (E.D. Wis.1972)

             The decision is made by the federal district court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin in 1972. It appears in volume 349 of the Federal  Supplement and starts on page 1078 of that volume.


Court Case from NexisUni

Case title, U.S. Reports citation, year of decision, and Internet address.

Fullilove v. Klutznick, 448 U.S. 448 (1980) [Online] Retrieved from Nexis Uni database, http://library,


Court Case from the Internet
            Citing traditional print resources and widely-available commercial databases such as Nexis Uni are preferred over cases on Internet websites. However, you may cite the Internet if it helps improve access to the court case. Cite print source first (reporter), followed by "available at" and the website url.


Format:      Name of Act, volume Source § section number (year)

Example:    Mental Health System Act, 42 U.S.C. § 9401 (1988)


Statute from Nexis Uni

Act or Section Name, Abbreviated Citation et seq. (Edition year of the Code) Retrieved date from Nexis Uni database,

Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act, 20 U.S.C. §2301 et seq. (2006). Retrieved from Nexis Uni database,

Statute from the Internet

A source available in traditional print medium or commercial database may be cited to an Internet source if it significantly improves access. For long, complicated URLs, cite the root URL along with parenthetical information on how to access the information.

Truth in Lending Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1601-1605, available at (select Browse, then Title 15).

Code of Federal Regulations and Examples of Citations!

Legal Citation Source Abbreviations


House of Representatives                








Federal Reporter


Federal Reporter, Second Series


Federal Supplement


United States Code


Congressional Record


Federal Register

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